Patellar tendinitis is a disease condition affecting specific part of inferior patellar region, especially people who usually involved in jumping such as basketball and volleyball athletes. It is also known as jumper’s knee. Patellar tendinitis may also cause stiff ankle movement along with ankle sprains.
Most people know patellar tendinitis with some of its popular name, such as patellar tendinopathy and patellar tendinosis, but there are only a few people who know the common symptoms of patellar tendinitis. In some cases, its symptoms come as knee pain along with aching. Usually, the pain occured in the infrapatellar region or near the pole, but in some cases, the pain is found at the suprapatellar region.
Scientists usually classify patellar tendinitis based on the duration of the symptoms into the following 4 stages:
- Stage 1 – Pain affected as a result of a typical activity.
- Stage 2 – Patellar tendinitis affects the patient during and after having typical activity, but the the pain cause no effect on the patient’s activity result.
- Stage 3 – Patellar tendinitis affects the patient during and after having typical activity, but the patient can not recover the pain which critically affect his/her activity result
- Stage 4 – Patellar tendinitis cause a complete tendon tear (in this case, surgical repair becomes the only solution to fix the pain problem)
Usually, when affected by patellar tendinitis, people can feel a burning sensation in their patellar tendon. This is because patellar tendinitis began with inflammation in that area as the attached muscle to the patella. The symptoms may proceed into tendon tearing or degenerating and ache over the patella tendon. In most cases, this muscular pain only attacks people whose age ranged between 10 and 16 years old, even though there are still some medical practitioner in muscular pain who disagree with this patient’s age limitation because there are still, in some cases, people whose age is older than 16 hit by this muscular pain disease. In giving treatment for this muscular pain disease, some doctors believe that MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can help them in revealing edema as the increased T2 signal intensity.
Through various researches and cases, scientists finally arrived at a conclusion that the main cause of this muscular pain disease is overloaded activity of extensor mechanism of the knee itself. This activity also block the body from healing the damaged part, unless the activity is totally stopped which also becomes the reason in giving the first aid for this muscular pain disease. Until now, all cases show that this injury only attack sports athletes in which they perform jumping activities.
In order to bring the patient back to his/her normal condition, various treatments may be given, except bracing. Various treatments that commonly used for this injurty is R.I.C.E treatment methods that is, rest, ice, compression, elevation, and various typical exercises which aimed to strengthen the patient’s muscles and tendons.