Giant cell arteritis, also known as temporal arteritis, cranial arteritis, and Horton disease is an inflammatory disease of blood vessel in the head. Usually, this disease attacks large and medium arteries of the head, specially the external carotid artery branches. Its name came from its look seen through a biopsy surgery, basically reflects the inflammatory type of the disease. Sometimes, people also call this disease as temporal arteritis and commonly used instead of giant cell arteritis, because in some cases, the disease also attacks the temporal artery, but in other cases, there are still probabilities for this disease to attack other large blood vessels.
The inflammation of the arteries can aggravate to the level of blocking the blood flow which in turn causes headaches or blurred or double vision.
The symptoms are headaches, tenderness near the temple, blindness, pain and weakness in the jaw, and tongue, throat, and neck pain.
The diagnosis is done through biopsy of a small part of the artery.
Corticosteroid doses will immediately bring down the pain and you may have to continue the treatment for over a period of time.
Since this disease involves blood, most complications are very online casino complex, such as blindness, aortic aneurysm, and stroke. It is very important to bring the patient with complication to the nearest hospital in order to get immediate medical action to save their life.
Blindness is the first and most dangerous complication brought by giant cell arteritis. It may reduce the amount of blood distributed to all parts of the body, including vital organs, such as eyes, hearts, muscles etc.
Giant cell arteritis also increases the risk of being attacked by another dangerous disease, such as aortic aneurysm. Once the blood vessel weakened, especially the aorta, there is a huge possibility that a bulge may be formed. In medical world, this bulge known as the aortic aneurysm. This bulge is a very serious complication because it can lead to internal bleeding. Unfortunately, in some cases, aortic aneurysm does not come from the beginning of giant cell arteritis, but a few years after that. This is why a routine medical check up, especially imaging tests over chest is very important in order to get information about any complication in your chest.
Everytime we talk about blood, the disease condition of stroke cannot be missed, including in giant cell arteritis case. This disease increases the risk of stroke because affected artery may also have a blood clot formed in it. It will block the blood and other supply for the brain, especially oxygen and other nutrients. Failure to fix the blood stream will lead to stroke. Luckily, there are only a few cases that show patient having a stroke as direct complication of giant cell arteritis.
It is not yet understood what exactly causes the giant cell arteritis. Once diagnosed with giant cell arteritis, it is very important to have immediate blood test or imaging tests in order to get know about to the degree of complication. If the conditions go worse, a surgery is an option. As always is the case, the diagnosis as early as possible would help in keeping the condition under control.